Effect of chronic antidepressant treatment on 5-HT1B presynaptic heteroreceptors inhibiting acetylcholine release
Bolanos-Jimenez F, Manhaes de Castro R, Fillion G.
Unite de Pharmacologie Neuro-Immuno-Endocrinienne,
Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.
Neuropharmacology. 1994 Jan;33(1):77-81.


The effect of long term treatment with two tricyclic antidepressants on the sensitivity of 5-HT1B presynaptic heteroreceptors inhibiting acetylcholine (ACh) release was investigated. Groups of male rats received during 14 days either saline, citalopram (20 mg/kg), a serotonin (5-HT) uptake blocker, or tianeptine (2 x 10 mg/kg), an antidepressant that enhances 5-HT uptake. The efficacy of the 5-HT1B selective agonist 7-trifluoromethyl-4-(4-1-piperazinyl)-pyrrolo[1,2-a]quinoxaline (CGS 12066B) in reducing K(+)-evoked [3H]acetylcholine release from hippocampal synaptosomes was determined 24 hr after the last administration. The chronic treatment with citalopram or tianeptine modified neither the basal nor the K(+)-evoked release of [3H]acetylcholine. In contrast, these treatments significantly reduced the efficacy of CGS 12066B to inhibit the release of [3H]acetylcholine induced by K+ depolarization. These data suggest that chronic antidepressant treatment desensitizes 5-HT1B presynaptic heteroreceptors through a mechanism which seems to be independent of the synaptic availability of 5-HT.

Anxious depression
Tianeptine (Stablon)
Tianeptine: structure
Citalopram (Celexa, Cipramil)
Ethanol withdrawal and tianeptine
Discriminative stimulus properties

and further reading

Future Opioids
BLTC Research
Utopian Surgery?
The Abolitionist Project
The Hedonistic Imperative
The Reproductive Revolution
Critique of Huxley's Brave New World

The Good Drug Guide
The Good Drug Guide

The Responsible Parent's Guide
To Healthy Mood Boosters For All The Family