Stress and antidepressant effects on hippocampal and cortical 5-HT1A and 5-HT2 receptors and transport sites for serotonin
Watanabe Y, Sakai RR, McEwen BS, Mendelson S.
Laboratory of Neuroendocrinology,
Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021.
Brain Res. 1993 Jun 25;615(1):87-94.
ABSTRACTThe interactions between 14 days of repeated restraint stress and daily administration of imipramine or tianeptine (2 h before the beginning of stress) were investigated in rats to assess responses of 5-HT2 and 5-HT1A receptors and serotonin transporter sites labelled by [3H]paroxetine in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus, two brain regions in which adrenal steroid effects on serotonin receptor-binding have been reported. 5-HT2 sites, labelled by [125I]7-amino-8-iodo ketanserin, were decreased in parietal cerebral cortex layers 3 and 5 by imipramine treatment, but not by tianeptine treatment and not by daily restraint stress. Stress, but not antidepressant, depressed 5-HT1A sites labelled with [3H]8-hydroxy-DPAT in hippocampal fields CA3, CA4 and dentate gyrus. [3H]paroxetine-binding to serotonin transporter sites was decreased by tianeptine treatment as well as by imipramine in both hippocampus and cerebral cortex, with some overlap of the fields that were significantly affected, whereas there were no effects of stress per se and no evidence of a stress x drug interaction. These results are discussed in relation to similarities and differences in the effects of different antidepressant drugs on the serotonergic system of the rat brain. Whereas the actions of imipramine and tianeptine on 5-HT2 and 5-HT1A receptors are specific to each drug, the surprising finding of a similar effect of both drugs to reduce serotonin transporter sites labelled by [3H]paroxetine suggest the possibility of a common action for these two drugs in spite of their opposite effects on serotonin re-uptake.Neuroplasticity
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