Anxiety-related and depressive disorders in women during the premenopausal and menopausal period. Study of the efficacy and acceptability of tianeptine versus maprotiline
Chaby L, Grinsztein A, Weitzman JJ, de Bodinat C, Dagens V.
Centre de la Menopause,
Hopital Rothschild, Paris.
Presse Med. 1993 Jul 3-10;22(24):1133-8.
ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness and acceptability of Tianeptine (T) versus Maprotiline (M) in the management of anxiodepressive disorders in menopausal and premenopausal women. Anxio-depressive women with a Montgomery Asberg Depression score (MADRS) > 20 and a Hamilton Anxiety score (HARS) > 15 were included in the study. T or M were the only psychotropes taken by the patients during the study. Eighty-three women were enrolled and given, by double blind assignment T 37.5 mg/day or M 75 mg/day (T n = 42; M n = 41). The effectiveness of therapy was assessed on D5, D15, D30 and D60 by the MADRS, HARS, CGI and CHESS scores; acceptability was assessed by the CHESS scale. To exclude placebo responders, the patients were treated with a placebo for 7 days prior to enrollment. A significant improvement in the MADRS score, compared with the previous score, remained until D60 for the T group and M group (p < 0.01). The improvement in the MADRS score was higher (p = 0.025) in the T group than in the M group. At D60, there was a statistically significant difference between T and M in favour of T (p = 0.04). Similar results were obtain with HARS and CGI (item 1). The incidence of side effect was significantly lower in the group treated with T than in the group treated with M. At any time point, there were more patients in the M group (p < 0.001) who complained of side effects than in the T group. The patients were divided into subgroups according to whether or not they were also receiving Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT). The group taking HRT and T had a more significant reduction in HARS (p = 0.038) and CHESS (p = 0.015) than the group taking T only. T administrated as a single psychotropic agent showed an improvement in the symptoms of anxio-depression which were significantly more important than in the control group with better control of associated complaints.Depression
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