Inhibition of mitochondrial beta-oxidation
as a mechanism of hepatotoxicity

Fromenty B, Pessayre D.
Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale Unite 24,
Hopital Beaujon, Clichy, France.
Pharmacol Ther. 1995;67(1):101-54.


Severe and prolonged impairment of mitochondrial beta-oxidation leads to microvesicular steatosis, and, in severe forms, to liver failure, coma and death. Impairment of mitochondrial beta-oxidation may be either genetic or acquired, and different causes may add their effects to inhibit beta-oxidation severely and trigger the syndrome. Drugs and some endogenous compounds can sequester coenzyme A and/or inhibit mitochondrial beta-oxidation enzymes (aspirin, valproic acid, tetracyclines, several 2-arylpropionate anti-inflammatory drugs, amineptine and tianeptine); they may inhibit both mitochondrial beta-oxidation and oxidative phosphorylation (endogenous bile acids, amiodarone, perhexiline and diethylaminoethoxyhexestrol), or they may impair mitochondrial DNA transcription (interferon-alpha), or decrease mitochondrial DNA replication (dideoxynucleoside analogues), while other compounds (ethanol, female sex hormones) act through a combination of different mechanisms. Any investigational molecule should be screened for such effects.
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