Antagonism by citalopram and tianeptine of presynaptic 5-HT1B heteroreceptors inhibiting acetylcholine release
Bolanos-Jimenez F, de Castro RM, Fillion G.
Unite de Pharmacologie Neuro-Immuno-Endocrinienne,
Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.
Eur J Pharmacol. 1993 Sep 21;242(1):1-6.


The interactions of citalopram and tianeptine, two antidepressants having opposite effects on serotonin (5-HT) uptake, with 5-HT1B presynaptic heteroreceptors located on cholinergic terminals were investigated. In rat hippocampal synaptosomes, citalopram (0.01 or 0.1 microM) or tianeptine (0.01-10 microM) did not modify the basal or the K(+)-evoked release of [3H]acetylcholine. Only at the concentration of 100 microM did tianeptine significantly decrease (-18%) the K(+)-evoked release of [3H]acetylcholine without affecting the spontaneous outflow of radioactivity. The inhibitory effect of 7-trifluoromethyl-4-(4-1-piperazinyl)-pyrrolo[1,2-a]quinoxaline (CGS 12066B), a 5-HT1B receptor agonist, on the stimulation-induced release of [3H]acetylcholine was reduced in a concentration-dependent manner by citalopram and tianeptine. Both drugs completely reversed the inhibitory effects of CGS 12066B at concentrations that did not modify by themselves the release of [3H]acetylcholine. In contrast, tianeptine, up to a concentration of 1 microM, failed to antagonise the inhibitory effect of the muscarinic receptor agonist carbachol on K(+)-evoked [3H]acetylcholine release. Finally, the administration of tianeptine ex vivo (10 or 20 mg/kg) modified neither the depolarisation-induced release of [3H]acetylcholine nor the inhibitory effect of CGS 12066B on this presynaptic process. These findings further confirm that antidepressants interact in vitro with presynaptic 5-HT1B heteroreceptors.

5-HT1B receptors
Tianeptine (Stablon)
Tianeptine: structure
Citalopram: structure
Citalopram (Celexa, Cipramil)
Ethanol withdrawal and tianeptine
Discriminative stimulus properties

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