Preclinical research on stress, memory, and the brain in the development of pharmacotherapy for depression
by
Diamond DM, Campbell A, Park CR, Vouimba RM.
Neuroscience Program, Department of Psychology,
University of South Florida,
PCD 4118G, 4202 E. Fowler Ave.,
Tampa, FL 33612, USA.
ddiamond@mail.usf.edu
Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2004 Dec;14 Suppl 5:S491-5.


ABSTRACT

We have reviewed two areas of research on stress, memory, and synaptic plasticity which may be relevant toward understanding the neurobiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). First, we have presented the view that the hippocampus (HC) and prefrontal cortex (PFC) function jointly as a memory system which enables multitask processing (working memory) and consolidation of contextual information. The amygdala, by contrast, is necessary for the consolidation of emotional memories. Cognitive and neurophysiological studies have shown that HC-PFC processing is impaired, and amygdaloid processing is enhanced, by stress and in anxiety and mood disorders, including MDD. Second, we have reviewed research on the behavioral and neurophysiological actions of tianeptine, an antidepressant that is known to block the adverse effects of chronic stress on hippocampal morphology. Recent work has shown that acute tianeptine enhances cognitive and electrophysiological measures of HC-PFC functioning without interfering with the emotion-induced enhancement of amygdaloid functioning in rodents. We conclude with a synthesis of the preclinical and clinical literature on stress, memory, and tianeptine with the proposal that tianeptine should enhance HC-PFC memory-related processing in people under stress.


Analgesic
Neuroplasticity
The Mss4 gene
Asthma prevention
Pharmacodynamics
Anxious depression
Tianeptine (Stablon)
Tianeptine: structure
Tianeptine and Panic Disorder
Ethanol withdrawal and tianeptine
Discriminative stimulus properties
Neurobiology of mood, anxiety and emotion
Stress-induced impairment of spatial memory
Tianeptine (Stablon) versus fluoxetine (Prozac)
Synaptic plasticity in tianeptine-treated tree-shrews


Refs
and further reading

HOME
HedWeb
Nootropics
Cocaine.org
Future Opioids
BLTC Research
MDMA/Ecstasy
Superhapiness?
Utopian Surgery?
The Abolitionist Project
The Hedonistic Imperative
The Reproductive Revolution
Critique of Huxley's Brave New World

The Good Drug Guide
The Good Drug Guide

The Responsible Parent's Guide
To Healthy Mood Boosters For All The Family